Mining is not a simple process; a plan has to be established. This plan is complicated and that is why you will require mining engineering services from a competent and reputable company to guide you through the process.
The process entails acquiring the equipment, labour and specialists you might need, acquiring the amount of capital you require, identification of risks and mitigation measures, addressing safety concerns, highlighting environmental concerns, conducting the actual mining, establishing how the mine is closed afterwards and planning for the reclamation process.
The main goal is to have a successful mining process and to leave the land better than you found it.
Where Does the Mining Process Start?
The mining process starts when geologists explore the land looking for mineral deposits. They use modern equipment to analyse rock alterations and test the chemical composition of soil, rocks and water.
You should hire the services of mining engineers when mineral deposits are found. Ensure you hire mining engineers who specialise in the particular mineral or ore you find.
The Planning Stage
First, budgets and financial reports are created with the help of mining engineers. Relevant permissions and permits are then obtained from authorities because extractions cannot commence without a permit. Reports generated help to identify the impact of mining activities on the communities living around the mining site and also the environment.
Secondly, mining technology, processes and pieces of equipment (mining drills, crushing equipment, earthmovers, blasting tools, crushing equipment, conveying equipment, excavators, etc.) are identified. Mining equipment is usually hired because it is too expensive to buy.
Thirdly, plans to construct access roads are established and resources required are identified (resources include water, power and labour). Processing facilities and waste disposal sites are also required; the plans for their construction are handled at this stage.
The planning stage should not overwhelm you because mining engineers are qualified to handle everything in an organised, effective and efficient manner.
When a plan has been established and everything is in place, mineral extraction can commence. You should know that the extraction process can run for years. All mining stages are expensive and that is why planning has to be precise to avoid wastage of resources.
Closing The Mine and Reclamation
This usually happens after the mineral has been depleted. A plan is established to ensure the mine closure and reclamation process is successful. The reclamation of a mine usually aims at returning the land to its productive state. It requires reclamation technology, processes and pieces of equipment such as dredgers and barges.
You can reach out to engineering services in your area for more information.